What’s A B.O.B And Why Do We Need One?
A bug-out bag is basically a pack that you pre-stock with what you need to survive for 72 hours while trying to walk out of a disaster area and hopefully heading somewhere safer. There are many variations on the bug-out theme and a huge amount of information available on the topic, APTA is by no means experts, as each bug out bag is custom made to suit each family. The bag concept assumes you either, don’t have a vehicle or you are forced to abandon it. If you have a vehicle then the range of items you can carry with you goes up significantly. The basic idea though is to have what you need, ready to carry on your back. There are also time line variations. People prepare kits for shorter term like the 24 hour get-home bag and longer term, larger kits if you don’t think you will be coming back or have a very long trek to some safe destination.
Rather than make a huge list of items that might go in a BOB, below is an example of survival items to go inside.:
One bug-out bag per person with waterproof cover Fixed blade survival knife (at least one) Water filter (preferably a Katadyn) 9" X 12' (or) 12' x 12' lightweight nylon survival tarp with grommets 6' x 9' or 5' x 8' lightweight nylon tarp with grommets for tarp/tent floor Mummy style sleeping bag (1 per person) Sleeping bag pad (1 per person)(3/4 size)(see Klymit sleeping bag pads) 50' 3/16" nylon rope (tent/tarp center-line - clothesline etc. 1 pack of nylon parachute cord or equivalent (staking & misc.) 6-12 lightweight heavy duty aluminum tent stakes Binoculars, small, lightweight Compass Folding shovel Folding saw with extra blade Camp axe (not a hatchet) Quality folding knife (1 per person) Quality pocket knife (1 per person)(optional) Heavy duty sewing kit with scissors and safety pins Stick matches double wrapped in zip-lock bags Survival candles (they can become heavy) Bic lighter Fire starter (magnesium or equivalent) 1 gal Zip-loc bag with newspaper strips for tinder NO-SEE-UM head-net (minimum of 1 per person)(NOT MOSQUITO) Lightweight cotton gloves (for mosquito protection) Rain jacket or poncho (1 per person) LED flashlight with AA batteries (1 per person) 2 extra AA batteries per flashlight Knife sharpener 10" mill bastard file with handle (optional) Small (not tiny) AM-FM radio with AA batteries Extra set of AA batteries for radio One water bottle or canteen per person 1 pint of unscented chlorine bleach (for water treatment) 1 eye-dropper or 1/2 teaspoon measuring spoon (water treatment) Small pack of cheesecloth (water treatment) Collapsible water carrier (optional) Collapsible bucket (for hygiene & dishes)(optional) Small folding metal camp cooking grill (optional) 50' Heavy Duty aluminum foil 1 per person - aluminum bowl and cup (heavy plastic ok) 1 per person - flatware set or spork (folding if possible) 1 large serving spoon (optional) Small can opener Quality nesting cookware set with fry-pan (not cheap aluminum) 2 dish cloths 1 each face-cloth & hand-towel per person Packable (telescoping) fishing rod & reel (if possible) Small tackle box with hooks-sinkers-corks-jigs etc Waterproof medical kit (see the section on building a Survival Medical Kit) 1-2 bars of soap per person (Ivory is good) TP - 1 squashed roll per person Garden seeds (F-1 hybrid OK if no heirloom avail) 1 to 2 watches that ARE NOT battery operated
The following items are all optional but I suggest you take them if you can:
A perpetual calendar A copy of the Constitution of the United States A copy of the Declaration of Independence A copy of the Bill of Rights A copy of all amendments to the Constitution A Holy Bible A deck of cards or similar game (pastime) A tablet and several pencils Relevant map(s) Old silver coins (and gold if you have them)
IF YOU HAVE ROOM YOU SHOULD CONSIDER:
Substituting a survival tent and floor protector for the 2 tarps. Adding a 50' length of 5/8" nylon climbing rope Adding a tent repair kit Adding a packet of sourdough starter Upgrading the medical kit Adding extra fishing equipment Antibiotics - if you have them, take them along regardless of the room
The “EXTRAS” list is endless, but unfortunately the bags are not bottomless.
Remember — extra clothing will take up a significant amount of room in the Bug Out Bag. Extra socks are mandatory. You HAVE to eliminate blisters if you’re on foot. Make sure the food you pack is dehydrated or freeze dried.
Hopefully you will NEVER have to use your packed Bug Out Bag … but if you do, and you packed it using common sense and a lot of thought … you and your family will survive.
For more Survival Tips and information visit us at: APTA FB Survival Group